Nirmala Sitharaman to focus on military preparedness

Nirmala Sitharaman to focus on military preparedness

Nirmala Sitharaman who took charge as the Defence Minister on Thursday said she would focus on military preparedness, ‘Make in India’ and the welfare of soldiers.

“My priority will definitely be the armed forces preparedness. It is important that the Indian armed forces receive the attention in terms of giving them every endowment and equipment necessary for them to perform their duty with the best of equipment available,” she said in a message after assuming charge.

Nirmala SitharamanShe took charge of the Ministry from Finance Minister Arun Jaitley who was holding additional charge since March at South Block, becoming the first full-time woman Defence Minister of the country.

Speaking later at her first engagement, at event organised by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) said it was a privilege to hand over indigenous products on her first engagement after assuming office.

The DRDO event which also attended by Home Minister Rajnath Singh saw the handing over of armoured bus, bullet proof jacket, Unmanned Arial Vehicles (UAV) and small arms among others to Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs).

She took charge of the Ministry from Finance Minister Arun Jaitley who was holding additional charge since March at South Block, becoming the first full-time woman Defence Minister of the country. Speaking later at her first engagement, at event organised by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) said it was a privilege to hand over indigenous products on her first engagement after assuming office.

Mr. Singh noted that all the media has complimented Ms. Sitharaman as India’s first full-time defence minister and said with her defence Ministry will get a energy and direction.

Noting that the country’s “import dependence has gone up,” Mr. Singh said that the systems being developed by DPSUs under the ‘Make in India’ initiative will reduce the dependence. Observing that defence procurements for Home Ministry are done through defence ministry, he said these delayed for the CAPFs.

“We need a framework for the supply of defence equipment to CAPFs,” he said. Ms. Sitharaman was elevated to the Cabinet rank and given the defence portfolio.

NEW DELHI,SEPTEMBER 07, 2017 

PM clears 17000 cr air defence missile deal with Israel

PM Narendra Modi clears Rs 17,000 crore Air Defence Missile Deal with Israel

PM Shri Narendra Modi has given the green-signal to purchase an Air Defence Missile System from Israel as part of a plan to protect India from enemy aircraft.

PM, microstatIndia will acquire the Medium Range Surface to Air Defence Missile (MR-SAM) system from Israel at a cost of Rs 17,000 crore.

As part of the plan, the Army will induct more than five regiments of MR-SAM, which will have around 40 firing units and over 200 missiles.

“In a meeting of the cabinet committee on security headed by the Prime Minister, the proposal for procuring the MR-SAM air defence system for the Army was approved,” India Today quoted an official as saying.

The MR-SAM system, jointly developed by DRDO and Israeli Aircraft Industry, reportedly can shoot down enemy aircraft between 50 to 70 km range.

“The delivery of the first system for the Army units will begin in 72 months of the signing of the contract and they would be ready for deployment in field areas by the year 2023,” the report said citing sources. India and Israel are jointly developing similar systems for the Air Force and the Navy.

WHAT’S NEW?

As per the proposal cleared by the government, the Army will induct over five regiments of the MR-SAM missile which will have around 40 firing units and over 200 missiles of the system. “The delivery of the first system for the Army units will begin in 72 months of the signing of the contract and they would be ready for deployment in field areas by the year 2023,” said the sources.

A DRDO laboratory under scientific advisor to defence minister and missile systems head G Sathish Reddy has been instrumental in developing the target homing system with the Israeli firms and involves a lot of make in India element in the programme. India and Israel are jointly developing similar systems for the Air Force and the Navy.

The Air Force had got clearance for its MR-SAM programme in 2009 and the deliveries will begin after delays in the project. The Navy programme is known as Long Range Surface to Air Missile system (LR-SAM) and would be set on its warships.

Hyderabad-based Bharat Dynamis Limited will produce the missiles of the system while many other Indian industries like Bharat Electronics Ltd, Larsen and Toubro, TATA group will contribute in the production for many systems and sub-systems in it. A new production facility to deliver 100 missiles a year has been established for such type of long and medium range surface-to-air missiles at BDL.

The Army will deploy these air defence systems to provide protection to vital assets and points across the country.

-February 23, 2017, New Delhi

India test fires exo-atmospheric ballistic missile

India tests exo-atmospheric ballistic missile interception

India on Saturday successfully test-fired its interceptor missile off the Odisha coast.The interceptor was launched from Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island) of ITR at about 7.45 am.

India tests exo-atmospheric ballistic missile interception - Know all about it

India on Saturday successfully test-fired its interceptor missile off the Odisha coast.

The interceptor was launched from Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island) of ITR at about 7.45 am.

With this, India has achieved a significant milestone in the direction of developing a two-layered Ballistic Missile Defence system.

This mission, termed as “PDV mission” is “for engaging the targets in the exo-atmosphere region at an altitude above 50 km of earth’s atmosphere”, said a Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) official.

“Both, the PDV interceptor and the two stage target missile, were successfully engaged,” he said.

The target was developed for mimicking a hostile Ballistic Missile approaching from more than 2,000 km away and was launched from a ship anchored in the Bay of Bengal.

In an automated operation, radar-based detection and tracking system detected and tracked the enemy’s ballistic missile.

The computer network with the help of data received from radars predicted the trajectory of the incoming Ballistic Missile.

PDV, that was kept fully ready, took off once the computer system gave the necessary command for lift-off. The Interceptor guided by high accuracy Inertial Navigation System (INS) supported by a Redundant Micro Navigation System moved towards the estimated point of the interception.

Once the missile crossed the atmosphere, the Heat Shield ejected and the IR Seeker dome opened to look at the Target location as designated by the Mission Computer.

The interceptor is based on the nuclear-capable Prithvi Missile.

With the help of Inertial Guidance and IR Seeker the missile moved for the interception. All events were monitored in real-time by the Telemetry/Range Stations, at various other locations.

(With Agency inputs)

-February 11, 2017, Balasore

 

Agni V successfully test-fired from Odisha coast

Agni-V test-fired successfully, entire China now within India’s strike range

Agni-V test-fired successfully, entire China now within India's strike range

India on Monday successfully test-fired its indigenously developed intercontinental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-V from the Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast in Balasore district.

This is the fourth and final test of the missile that has a range of over 5,000 km covering the whole of China.

Defence sources said that the successful test-firing today will pave the way for user trial of the most potent Indian missile and its eventual induction into the special forces command (SFC).

The successful test firing of Agni V is the result of the hardwork of DRDO & its scientists. I congratulate them. President Pranab Mukherjee congratulated the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the successful launch.

“Congratulations DRDO for successfully test firing Agni-V. It will enhance our strategic and deterrence capabilities,” Mukherjee said in a tweet.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted: “The successful test firing of Agni V is the result of the hardwork of DRDO & its scientists. I congratulate them.”

It was launched at around 11.05 am from a mobile launcher complex-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR), defence sources said.

“We are analysing the test launch after collecting information from radars. The report suggests it is a successful launch,” said an official source.

Meanwhile, the DRDO said the launch of Agni-5 is a major achievement for India both in terms of technology and military might. Former DRDO spokesperson Ravi Gupta told news agency ANI that with this missile capabilities, current advisories will not dare to attack India with any nuclear weapon.

Here are a few facts about the missile:

  • The Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) Agni-V has the capability to strike targets anywhere in all of Asia and parts of Africa and Europe.
  • Agni-V is one of the most advanced missiles, which is capable of striking a target more than 5,000 km. It is about 17 metres long, 2-metre wide and has a launch weight of around 50 tonnes.
  • The missile can carry a nuclear warhead of more than one tonne.
  • Once the Agni-V is inducted in the Indian military, India will join the super exclusive club of countries with ICBMs alongside the US, Russia, China, France and Britain.
  • A lot of new technologies developed indigenously were successfully tested in the first Agni-5 trial. The redundant navigation systems, very high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) and the most modern and accurate Micro Navigation System (MINS) had ensured the Missile reach the target point within few metres of accuracy.
  • The high-speed onboard computer and fault tolerant software along with robust and reliable bus guided the missile flawlessly.
  • The missile is so programmed that after reaching the peak of its trajectory, it turns towards earth to continue its journey towards the intended target with an increased speed due to the attraction of earth’s gravitational pull and its path precisely directed by the advanced on-board computer and inertial navigation system. The atmospheric air rubbing the skin of the missile during the re-entry phase raises the temperature to beyond 4000 degrees Celsius. However, the indigenously designed and developed carbon-carbon composite heat shield continues to burn sacrificially protecting the payload, maintaining the inside temperature below 50 degrees Celsius. Finally, commanded by the onboard computer with a support of highly accurate ring laser gyro-based inertial navigation system, the most modern micro inertial navigation system (MINS), fully digital control system and advanced compact avionics, the missile hit the designated target accurately, meeting all mission objectives.
  • The ships located in the midrange and at the target point tracked the vehicle and witnessed the final event. All the radars and electro-optical systems along the path monitored all the parameters of the missile and displayed in real time, the sources said.
  • India has at present in its armoury of Agni series, Agni-1 with 700 km range, Agni-2 with 2,000 km range, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500 km range.
  • The first test of Agni-V was conducted on April 19, 2012, while the second test was launched on September 15, 2013, and the third was on January 31, 2015.
  • The missile is developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.

-December 26, 2016, New Delhi

 

CBI files FIR into Embraer aircraft deal

CBI files FIR into Embraer aircraft deal, NRI defence consultant Vipin Khanna named as main accused

CBI files FIR into Embraer aircraft deal, NRI defence consultant Vipin Khanna named as main accused

In a significant development, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has filed an FIR into the USD 208 million Embraer aircraft deal, said reports on Friday.

The central probe agency has also named NRI defence consultant Vipin Khanna as the main accused in the case.

A report in the Indian Express claimed, citing the CBI FIR, that Vipin Khanna significantly benefitted from the kickbacks and from a Singapore-based company, Interdev Pte Ltd, as the entity via which the money was routed in three tranches through a subsidiary of Embraer.

The alleged kickbacks were routed via Austria and Switzerland. Interdev Pte Ltd is listed as a software consultancy firm incorporated in 2000.

After these charges, first reported in the Brazilian media, of kickbacks being paid in the deal for purchase of three Embraer-145 aircraft by India came to the fore, the Ministry of Defence handed over the deal’s documents and agreements to the CBI.

The Embraer aircraft deal was signed during the Manmohan Singh led-UPA regime in 2008.

The deal was signed in 2008 between Embraer and the DRDO for three aircraft equipped with indigenous radars for AEWAC (airborne early warning and control systems).

Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar had in September thrown indications that the CBI could probe the USD 208 million Embraer aircraft deal if any criminality was indicated in the internal probe already ordered at that time.

This after allegations of corruption had surfaced in the Jet deal with Brazilian aviation firm Embraer.

Khanna has been listed as the agent, who received commissions to the tune of $5.76 million in 2009.

-October 21, 2016, New Delhi

 

India sucessfully test fires long range surface-to-air missile

India sucessfully test fires long range surface-to-air missile

 India today successfully test fired a new, long range surface-to-air missile jointly developed with Israel from a defence base off Odisha coast,in a bid to galvanise its air defence capabilities,
The long range missile, a product of a joint venture between India and Israel, was test launched from a mobile launcher at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur near here at around 10.13 hours, a DRDO official said.
The trial was successful and some more rounds of test are expected to be conducted shortly, the DRDO scientist said.
“Apart from the missile, the system includes a Multi Functional Surveillance and Threat Alert Radar (MF STAR) for detection, tracking and guidance of the missile,” the official said, adding the missile along with MF-STAR would provide the users the capability to neutralise any aerial threats.
Earlier, between June 30 and July 1, 2016 three consecutive test firing of the medium range surface to air missile, jointly developed by India and Israel were conducted from the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) base at Chandipur. The missile guided by armoured seeker had successfully hit the last minute manoeuvring target.
Indian Navy had also successfully test launched the long range surface to air missile (LR-SAM). The test was undertaken on the Western Seaboard by INS Kolkata on December 30, 2015.
These missiles would be inducted in all the three services after trials were completed.
Many Indian industries like BEL, L&T, BDL, and TATA group of companies besides other private industries have contributed to the development of a number of subsystems which have been put into use in this flight test, the official said.
As a safety measure, Balasore district administration in consultation with the defence officials had temporarily shifted 3,652 persons residing within 2.5 km radius of the launch pad No.3 of the ITR at Chandipur to nearby temporary shelter centres this morning to ensure a safe launch of the missile, a district revenue official said.
Fishermen engaged in fishing along the Bay of Bengal in three coastal districts of Balasore, Bhadrak and Kendrapada were asked not to venture into the sea during the time of the test launch.
-20 September 2016 | PTI | Balasore (Odisha)

$208-million Embraer deal during UPA era under scanner

$208-million Embraer deal during UPA era under scanner for alleged graft

$208-million Embraer deal during UPA era under scanner for alleged graft

A USD 208-million Embraer jet deal of the UPA era has come under the scanner of the US authorities over alleged kickbacks paid to secure the contract.

The deal was inked in 2008 between the Brazalian aircraft manufacturer Embraer and the theDefence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for three aircraft equipped with indigenous radars for AEW&C (airborne early warning and control systems).

The company has been under investigation by the United States Justice Department since 2010 when a contract with the Dominican Republic raised the Americans’ suspicions.

“Investigations that have been opened by the government of the United States to establish whether Embraer paid bribes in order to obtain contracts abroad have affected deals that the Brazilian company closed with Saudi Arabia and India,” Brazalian newspaper Folha De S?o Paulo reported.

It is suspected that a leading Indian middleman based in UK was roped in for the deal.

Defence Ministry officials here said that the DRDO is yet to hear anything on the probe by the US authorities.

DRDO chief S Christopher, who headed the AEW&S programme earlier, did not pick up calls or respond to messages.

Since then, the investigation has widened to examine business dealings with eight more countries.

Embraer is cooperating with the investigations and announced in July that it was expecting to reach a deal soon with American authorities, the paper said.

The company has put USD 200 million aside to pay any eventual fines that come about as a result of the process.

The company has not released details regarding the state of the investigations, but three people who have been following the case have confirmed to?Folha?that the deals concluded in Saudi Arabia and India are being examined, the paper reported.

In both cases, suspicions were underlined in May this year when an employee with more than 30 years at the company reached a plea-bargain agreement in investigations being conducted by the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office in Brazil.

Albert Phillip Close, Manager of Embraer’s defence area, told Prosecutor Marcello Miller that he had heard a former sales director who worked in Europe admit to American investigators the payment of commissions to facilitate the sale of aircraft to the Saudis.

In November of 2010, the company announced the delivery of two Embraer 170 executive jets to the Saudi Arabian state-owned oil company Aramco. The amount of the deal was not announced at the time.

-PTI,September 10, 2016, New Delhi

Seeker to revolutionise Indian Defence

Seeker to revolutionise Indian Defence

India and Israel are expected to ink a significant Defence deal worth over Rs50,000 crore for Seeker technology ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Tel Aviv later this year. The cutting-edge technology will help India take a giant leap forward in manufacturing smart weapons within the country and rapidly modernise missile and rocket system used by the IAF, Army and Navy.

The talks for wrapping up the deal are in advanced stage between the two countries and Israel has agreed to transfer the expertise to develop and manufacture Seeker technology. It will enable the Defence forces to identify, acquire and then destroy an enemy missile or aircraft at long range or beyond visual range.

In simple terms, it means a warship can fire a missile at a hostile target at more than 200 km distance without visually sighting it as compared to the present 50 to 60 km. Seeker technology will also revolutionise the armoured corps as tanks will hit a target at a greater distance and same will be the case for fighter jets. In fact, this technology will cover the entire gamut of missiles ranging from Akash to Long Range Surface to Air Missiles (LRSAM) used by the three Services.

Elaborating upon the importance of this proposed deal, officials said here on Saturday the countries including the US and some European countries are reluctant to transfer Seeker technology to India resulting in the country’s missile system lagging behind by at least two generations.

Against this backdrop, Israel has given a clear signal that it will provide the critical ‘know why’ instead of ‘know how’. Starved of  the state-of-the-art technology, the Indian industry depends on know how or technology transfer but has not been able to master entire process of manufacturing a smart weapon from scratch. In turn, it hampers the faster modernisation of the armed forces as they are using weapons which are at least 15 to 20 years behind in terms of technological advancement as compared to the US, China and NATO countries.

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will be the lead agency in developing this technology. The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) had given an “in-principle” approval for setting up of an Rs6,000-crore facility by the DRDO for air missile defence systems last year.

Besides the Seeker technology deal, the two countries are likely to ink a Rs10,000-crore deal for joint development of a medium-range surface-to-air missile system for the Indian Army.

The other pacts include procurement of 164 laser-designation pods or ‘Litening-4’ for IAF fighters like SU-30s and Jaguars as well as 250 advanced ‘Spice’ precision stand-off bombs capable of destroying  fortified enemy underground command centres. The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) chaired by the Prime Minister may clear it next month, sources said.

Talks are also underway to finalise a Rs3,200-crore contract for 321 ‘Spike’ anti tank guided (ATGM) systems and 8,356 missiles. The Army is in urgent need for third-generation ATGMs, with a strike range of over 2.5-km and fire-and-forget capabilities, to equip all its 382 infantry battalions and 44 mechanised infantry units.

The NDA Government in 2014 had selected the Israeli Spike ATGM over the US Javelin missile system, but the actual contract could not be inked due to some issues. The project involves an initial off-the-shelf induction, followed by large-scale indigenous manufacture by Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL).

The proposed medium range surface to air missile (MRSAM) project between DRDO and Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI), too, is a big ticket item, officials said. The initial order is for one MRSAM regiment, with 16 firing units along with their multifunction surveillance and weapon control systems. BDL will manufacture these missiles. DRDO and IAI are already engaged in a project worth over Rs13,000 crore for Navy and IAF for developing similar missiles.

Incidentally, the Israel Defence industry is closely involved with the DRDO in more than 30 projects, including development of radars, electronic warfare systems and satellite based command and control systems for the three Services.

Moreover, Israeli made Greenpine radars are successfully integrated into the Agni missiles systems capable of carrying nuclear warheads. Israel is now the third largest weapon supplier after the US and Russia to India since diplomatic ties between the two nations were established in 1990.

-28 February 2016 | Rahul Datta | New Delhi

PM Modi unveils bust of Kalam at DRDO complex in Delhi

PM Modi unveils bust of Kalam at DRDO complex in Delhi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiling former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam's bust at DRDO complex in New Delhi on Thursday. Photo: PIB

Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiling former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s
bust at DRDO complex in New Delhi on Thursday. Photo: PIB

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday unveiled the bust of former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) complex in New Delhi. Today marks the 84th birth anniversary of Dr. Kalam.

Paying glowing tributes to the former President, Mr. Modi said Dr. Kalam always looked for “challenges” and his life is a source of inspiration for all Indians.

Mr. Modi said that government has already acquired the land for Dr. Kalam’s memorial at his birth place Rameswaram, adding, “a committee has been set up to discuss modalities in this regard“.

The Prime Minister launched a book on Dr. Kalam’s scientific vision and also released a commemorative postage stamp.

Meanwhile, Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has said that his government will celebrate Ocober 15, Dr. Kalam’s birth anniversary, as ‘Vachan Prerna Divas’ to “encourage reading, a unique tribute to his vision and knowledge.”

As it happened:

11:07 am: We will take up Dr Kalam’s dream to transform India: Modi

11:01 am: Our young scientists should get inspired by the way shown by Dr. Kalam: Modi

10:56 am: Now, India needs to think what it can give back to the world: Modi

10:53 am: There is great scope for innovation. India is a youthful nation: Modi

10:53 am: Dr. Kalam also used to talk about Yoga, focus on spiritualism: Modi

10:48 am: His last moments were spent with students, and that too in the Northeast: PM

10:47 am: Just after leaving the Presidency, after such a big position, he went to teach. This can’t happen without an inherent commitment: Modi

10:45 am: I remember Dr. Kalam was very fond of Ahmedabad as he was posted there early on during his career, working with Dr. Vikram Sarabhai: Modi

10:44 am: Govt. has acquired land in Dr.Kalam’s birthplace to build a memorial for him. We want it to be an inspiration for the future generations: Modi

Defence Research and Development Organisation has come forward to build a memorial over the tomb of Dr. Kalam, who was laid to rest at Pei Karumbu near Rameswaram, according to A.P.J.M.J. Sheik Saleem, the grand nephew of Mr. Kalam.

10:43 am: The loss of Dr. Kalam is monumental, I am sure its a challenge for all of us to keep us with his absence: Modi

10:40 am: Dr. Kalam, before he became a Rashtrapati was a ‘Rashtra-ratna’: Modi

 PTI, October 15, 2015