India overtakes US to become second largest smartphone market: report
After a wobble in the second quarter of 2017, India’s smartphone market recovered quickly with shipments growing 23% year-on-year in the third quarter to reach just over 40 million units, Canalys analysts said on Thursday.
“Doubts about India’s market potential are clearly dispelled by this result,” said Canalys research analyst Ishan Dutt. “There are close to 100 mobile device brands sold in India, with more vendors arriving every quarter. In addition, India has one of the most complex channel landscapes, but with low barriers to entry. Growth will continue. Low smartphone penetration and the explosion of LTE (long term evolution, or 4G) are the main drivers.”
After a wobble in the second quarter of 2017, India’s smartphone market recovered quickly with shipments growing 23% y-o-y in the third quarter to reach just over 40 million units, says Canalys report
Despite posting excellent results, the market continues to concentrate, with the top five vendors (Samsung Electronics, Xiaomi Inc., Vivo Electronics Corp., Oppo Electronics Corp. and Lenovo Mobile Communication Technology Ltd) now accounting for 75% of total shipments in India. Samsung and Xiaomi accounted for almost half of the total market as the top five vendors continued to post strong growth in Q3 2017. Samsung shipped 9.4 million smartphones, almost 30% more than in Q3 last year.
Second-placed Xiaomi increased shipments by over 290% to 9.2 million units.
“Xiaomi’s growth is a clear example of how a successful online brand can effectively enter the offline market while maintaining low overheads,” said Canalys analyst Rushabh Doshi. “But Xiaomi focuses on the low end. It struggles in the mid-range (devices priced between Rs15,000 and Rs20,000), where Samsung, Oppo and Vivo are particularly strong. Nevertheless, we predict Xiaomi’s continued go-to-market innovations will allow it to overtake Samsung within a couple of quarters.”
Apple Inc. began local production in India earlier this year, and its iPhone shipments more than doubled to 900,000 units in Q3 2017 compared with the year-ago period, impressive in a market that is skewed toward low-end smartphones.
-October 27, 2017
BRICS Leaders Xiamen Declaration of 4th September, 2017
- We, the Leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, met on 4 September 2017 in Xiamen, China, at the Ninth BRICS Summit. Under the theme “BRICS: Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future”, we endeavor to build on our achievements already made with a shared vision for future development of BRICS. We also discussed international and regional issues of common concern and adopted the Xiamen Declaration by consensus.
- We reiterate that it is the overarching objective and our desire for peace, security, development and cooperation that brought us together 10 years ago. BRICS countries have since traversed a remarkable journey together on their respective development paths tailored to their national circumstances, devoted to growing their economies and improving people’s livelihoods. Our committed and concerted efforts have generated a momentum of all-dimensional and multi-layered cooperation fostered by the previous Leaders’ Summits. Upholding development and multilateralism, we are working together for a more just, equitable, fair, democratic and representative international political and economic order.
- Our cooperation since 2006 has fostered the BRICS spirit featuring mutual respect and understanding, equality, solidarity, openness, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation, which is our valuable asset and an inexhaustible source of strength for BRICS cooperation. We have shown respect for the development paths of our respective choices, and rendered understanding and support to each other’s interests. We have upheld equality and solidarity. We have also embraced openness and inclusiveness, dedicated to forging an open world economy. We have furthered our cooperation with emerging markets and developing countries (EMDCs). We have worked together for mutually beneficial outcomes and common development, constantly deepening BRICS practical cooperation which benefits the world at large.
- We draw satisfaction from the many fruitful results of our cooperation, including establishing the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), formulating the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, strengthening political and security cooperation including through Meetings of BRICS High Representatives for Security Issues and Foreign Ministers Meetings, and deepening the traditional ties of friendship amongst our peoples.
- Recalling our Summits in Ufa and Goa, we will work together to further enhance BRICS strategic partnership for the welfare of our peoples. We commit ourselves to build upon the outcomes and consensus of our previous Summits with unwavering conviction, so as to usher in the second golden decade of BRICS cooperation and solidarity.
- Believing in the broad development prospects of our countries and the vast potential of our cooperation, we have full confidence in the future of BRICS. We commit to further strengthen our cooperation.
- We will energize our practical cooperation to boost development of BRICS countries. We will, inter alia, promote exchanges of good practices and experiences on development, and facilitate market inter-linkages as well as infrastructure and financial integration to achieve interconnected development. We shall also strive towards broad partnerships with EMDCs, and in this context, we will pursue equal-footed and flexible practices and initiatives for dialogue and cooperation with non-BRICS countries, including through BRICS Plus cooperation.
- We will enhance communication and coordination in improving global economic governance to foster a more just and equitable international economic order.We will work towards enhancement of the voice and representation of BRICS countries and EMDCs in global economic governance and promote an open, inclusive and balanced economic globalization, thus contributing towards development of EMDCs and providing strong impetus to redressing North-South development imbalances and promoting global growth.
- We will emphasize fairness and justice to safeguard international and regional peace and stability. We will stand firm in upholding a fair and equitable international order based on the central role of the United Nations, the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and respect for international law, promoting democracy and the rule of law in international relations, and making joint efforts to address common traditional and non-traditional security challenges, so as to build a brighter shared future for the global community.
- We will embrace cultural diversity and promote people-to-people exchanges to garner more popular support for BRICS cooperation through deepened traditional friendships. We will expand people-to-people exchanges in all dimensions, encourage all fabrics of the society to participate in BRICS cooperation, promote mutual learning between our cultures and civilizations, enhance communication and mutual understanding among our peoples and deepen traditional friendships, thus making BRICS partnership closer to our people’s hearts.
BRICS Practical Economic Cooperation
- We note that against the backdrop of more solid global economic growth, enhanced resilience and emerging new drivers, BRICS countries continue to play an important role as engines of global growth. Noting the uncertainties and downside risks that persist, we emphasize the need to be vigilant in guarding against inward-looking policies and tendencies that are weighing on global growth prospects and market confidence. We call upon all countries to calibrate and communicate their macroeconomic and structural policies and strengthen policy coordination.
- We note that practical economic cooperation has traditionally served as a foundation of BRICS cooperation, notably through implementing the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership and initiatives related to its priority areas such as trade and investment, manufacturing and minerals processing, infrastructure connectivity, financial integration, science, technology and innovation, and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) cooperation, among others. We welcome the first report on the implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, and the broad package of outcomes delivered by the sectoral ministerial meetings. We commit to use all policy tools – fiscal, monetary and structural – and adopt innovation-driven development strategies to enhance resilience and potentials of our economies, so as to contribute to strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive global growth.
- Stressing the role of enhanced trade and investment cooperation in unleashing the potential of BRICS economies, we agree to improve and broaden trade and investment cooperation mechanism and scope, with a view to enhancing BRICS economic complementarity and diversification in BRICS countries. We welcome the positive outcomes of the 7th BRICS Trade Ministers Meeting in terms of the cooperative frameworks, roadmaps and outlines on trade and investment facilitation and connectivity and enhanced policy sharing, information exchange, capacity building, through enhanced joint efforts on trade and investment facilitation, trade in services, E-commerce, IPR (in synergy with the cooperation activities among BRICS IP authorities), economic and technical cooperation, SMEs and women economic empowerment. We welcome the setting up of the BRICS E-Port Network that will operate on a voluntary basis and the establishment of the BRICS E-commerce Working Group. We also welcome China’s initiative to host an International Import Expo in 2018 and encourage our business communities to actively participate in it.
- We stress the importance of enhancing BRICS financial cooperation to better serve the real economy and meet the development needs of BRICS countries. We note the agreement by the finance ministers and central bank governors on cooperation on Public Private Partnerships (PPP), including through PPP experience exchange and application of the BRICS Good Practices on PPP Frameworks. We acknowledge the establishment of a temporary task force to conduct technical discussion on various ways of cooperation, including utilizing existing facilities of the MDBs based on national experiences, exploring the possibility of establishing a new PPP Project Preparation Fund and other options. We encourage cooperation and coordination by our accounting standards setters and audit regulators and agree to explore convergence of accounting standards and continue discussion on cooperation on auditing oversight in the area of bond issuance, so as to lay the groundwork for bond market connectivity among BRICS countries, with due regard to applicable national legislation and policies. We agree to promote the development of BRICS Local Currency Bond Markets and jointly establish a BRICS Local Currency Bond Fund, as a means of contribution to the capital sustainability of financing in BRICS countries, boosting the development of BRICS domestic and regional bond markets, including by increasing foreign private sector participation, and enhancing financial resilience of BRICS countries.
- In order to serve the demand arising from rapid growth of trade and investment among the BRICS countries, we agree to facilitate financial market integration through promoting the network of financial institutions and the coverage of financial services within BRICS countries, subject to each country’s existing regulatory framework and WTO obligations, and to ensure greater communication and cooperation between financial sector regulators. We agree to take an active part in the efforts to implement and improve International Standards on Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferation in FATF, including through cooperation among BRICS Heads of Delegation on AML/CFT, also in the context of the work of BRICS CTWG and by using other platforms and to safeguard integrity of national financial systems. We agree to communicate closely to enhance currency cooperation, consistent with each central bank’s legal mandate, including through currency swap, local currency settlement, and local currency direct investment, where appropriate, and to explore more modalities of currency cooperation. We encourage the BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism to continue playing an important role in supporting BRICS economic and trade cooperation. We commend the progress in concluding the Memoranda of Understanding among national development banks of BRICS countries on interbank local currency credit line and on interbank cooperation in relation to credit rating.
- We highlight the importance of innovation as a key driver for mid and long term economic growth and global sustainable development. We commit to promote cooperation on science, technology and innovation (STI) to forge synergy in tapping new growth momentum for our five economies and continue to address the development challenges we face. We commend the selection of BRICS research and development projects under the BRICS STI Framework Program and note the launch of the 2nd call for projects. We welcome the BRICS STI Cooperation MOU and support enhanced cooperation on innovation and entrepreneurship, including by promoting technology transfer and application, cooperation among science and technology parks and enterprises as well as mobility of researchers, entrepreneurs, professionals and students. We encourage increased participation of the academia, businesses, civil society and other stakeholders in this process, and support the promotion of STI investment and cross-border investment through existing funding, institutions and platforms including the NDB. We agree to continue to work on a cooperation platform for innovation and entrepreneurship and support the implementation of the BRICS Innovation Cooperation Action Plan 2017-2020.
- We reaffirm our commitment to BRICS industrial cooperation, including on industrial capacities and policies, new industrial infrastructure and standards, and among small, micro and medium-sized enterprises (SMMEs), so as to jointly seize the opportunities brought about by the new industrial revolution and expedite our respective industrialization processes. We encourage exploring the establishment of BRICS Institute of Future networks. We will enhance joint BRICS research, development and innovation in ICT including the Internet of Things, Cloud computing, Big Data, Data Analytics, Nanotechnology, Artificial Intelligence and 5G and their innovative applications to elevate the level of ICT infrastructure and connectivity in our countries. We will advocate the establishment of internationally applicable rules for security of ICT infrastructure, data protection and the Internet that can be widely accepted by all parties concerned, and jointly build a network that is safe and secure. We will increase investment of ICT, recognize the need to further increase investment in ICT Research and development, unleash the dynamics of innovation in producing goods and services. We encourage identification and facilitation of partnership between institutes, organizations, enterprises in the implementation of proof of concepts and pilot projects by leveraging complementary strengths in ICT hardware, software and skills through developing next generation of innovative solutions in the areas of smart cities, health care and energy efficient device, etc. We support active collaboration in implementing the BRICS ICT Development Agenda and Action Plan.
- We reaffirm our commitment to fully implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We will also advocate equitable, open, all-round, innovation-driven and inclusive development, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions – economic, social and environmental- in a balanced and integrated manner. We support the important role of the United Nations, including the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF), in coordinating and reviewing global implementation of the 2030 Agenda, and support the need to reform the UN Development System with a view to enhancing its capability in supporting Member States in implementing the 2030 Agenda. We urge developed countries to honor their Official Development Assistance commitments in time and in full and provide more development resources to developing countries.
- Underlining the strategic importance of energy to economic development, we commit to strengthen BRICS cooperation on energy. We recognize that sustainable development, energy access, and energy security are critical to the shared prosperity and future of the planet. We acknowledge that clean and renewable energy needs to be affordable to all. We will work to foster open, flexible and transparent markets for energy commodities and technologies. We will work together to promote most effective use of fossil fuels and wider use of gas, hydro and nuclear power, which will contribute to the transformation toward a low emissions economy, better energy access, and sustainable development. In this regard, we underline the importance of predictability in accessing technology and finance for expansion of civil nuclear energy capacity which would contribute to sustainable development in BRICS countries. We encourage continued dialogue on the establishment of a BRICS Energy Research Cooperation Platform and urge relevant entities to continue to promote joint research on energy cooperation and energy efficiency.
- We commit to further promote green development and low-carbon economy, in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, enhance BRICS cooperation on climate change and expand green financing. We call upon all countries to fully implement the Paris Agreement adopted under the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) including the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and urge developed countries to provide financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing countries to enhance their capability in mitigation and adaptation.
- Stressing the importance of environmental cooperation to sustainable development of our countries and the well-being of our peoples, we agree to take concrete actions to advance result-oriented cooperation in such areas as prevention of air and water pollution, waste management and biodiversity conservation. We recognize the importance of an environmentally sound technology platform and of improving urban environmental sustainability, and support BRICS joint efforts in this regard. Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa appreciate and support China’s hosting of the meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2020.
- Noting the fruitful agricultural cooperation over the past years, we recognize the unique characteristics and complementarity of BRICS countries in agricultural development and vast cooperation potential in this area. In this connection, we agree to deepen cooperation in the five priority areas such as food security and nutrition, adaptation of agriculture to climate change, agricultural technology cooperation and innovation, agricultural trade and investment, and ICT application in agriculture to contribute to stable global agricultural growth and achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. We welcome the establishment in India of the Coordination Center of BRICS Agriculture Research Platform, a virtual network which will facilitate addressing these priority areas.
- We express concern over the challenges faced by the African continent in achieving independent and sustainable development and in wildlife conservation. We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen cooperation with Africa and help the continent to address illegal wildlife trade, promote employment, food security, infrastructure development and industrialization including through connectivity and developmental initiatives and projects. We reaffirm our strong support for African Union’s implementation of its various programs under Agenda 2063 in pursuit of its continental agenda for peace and socio-economic development.
- Keenly aware of the negative impact of corruption on sustainable development, we support the efforts to enhance BRICS anti-corruption cooperation. We reaffirm our commitment to intensify dialogue and experience sharing and support compiling a compendium on fighting corruption in BRICS countries. We further acknowledge that illegal flow of the proceeds of corruption impairs economic development and financial stability, and support enhanced cooperation in asset recovery. We support the strengthening of international cooperation against corruption, including through the BRICS Anti-Corruption Working Group, as well as on matters related to asset recovery and persons sought for corruption. We acknowledge that corruption including illicit money and financial flows, and ill-gotten wealth stashed in foreign jurisdictions is a global challenge which may impact negatively on economic growth and sustainable development. We will strive to coordinate our approach in this regard and encourage a stronger global commitment to prevent and combat corruption on the basis of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and other relevant international legal instruments.
- Living in the era of digital economy, we are ready to use opportunities it provides and address challenges it poses for the global growth. We will act on the basis of principles of innovation, partnership, synergy, flexibility, open and favorable business environment, trust and security, protection of consumer rights in order to ensure the conditions for a thriving and dynamic digital economy, that will foster global economic development and benefit everyone.
- We appreciate the efforts and contribution of the BRICS Business Council and Business Forum to strengthening our economic cooperation in infrastructure, manufacturing, energy, agriculture, financial services, e-commerce, alignment of technical standards and skills development. We welcome the establishment of a working group on regional aviation within the framework of the Business Council and in this connection acknowledge the Brazil’s proposal on an MOU on regional aviation partnership. We encourage business communities and associations to actively participate in BRICS cooperation, and give full play to their role as trade and investment facilitation institutions in promoting mutually beneficial cooperation.
- We recognize the importance of transformation that is taking place in the labor market and the opportunities and challenges it brings. We note with satisfaction the progress in BRICS cooperation with regard to human resources, employment and social security, fostering strong labor market information systems and networking of BRICS of Labor Research Institutes and BRICS Social Security Cooperation Framework. We welcome the achievement of a BRICS common position on governance in the future of work and agree to further strengthen exchanges and cooperation in ensuring full employment, promoting decent work, advancing poverty alleviation and reduction through skills development and achieving universal and sustainable social security systems.
- We recognize the importance of competition protection to ensure the efficient social and economic development of our countries, to stimulate innovative processes and to provide quality products to our consumers. We note the significance of the interaction between the Competition Authorities of our countries, in particular, in identifying and suppressing restrictive business practices that are of a transboundary nature.
- We note with satisfaction the progress made by Customs Administrations in their cooperation on trade facilitation, security and enforcement, capacity building and other issues of mutual interest, including through such mechanisms as BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee and BRICS Customs Working Group. We encourage broadened cooperation under the guiding principles of mutual sharing of information, mutual recognition of customs control, and mutual assistance in enforcement so as to boost growth and promote people’s welfare. In order to strengthen mutual cooperation in customs matters, we reaffirm our commitment to finalize BRICS Customs Mutual Assistance Agreement at the earliest.
- We adhere to the principle of utilizing outer space for peaceful purposes and emphasize the need to strengthen the international cooperation in space activities in order to use space technologies to respond to global climate change, environmental protection, disaster prevention and relief and other challenges faced by humankind.
- Recalling the Saint-Petersburg and Udaipur Declarations of BRICS Ministers for Disaster Management and the decision to establish a BRICS Joint Taskforce on Disaster Risk Management, we underline the importance of consistent joint work of emergency services of BRICS countries aimed at building a safer future by reducing existing disaster risks, including exchange of information on best practices concerning disaster risk management and cooperation in the field of forecasting and early warning for effective response to natural and human induced disasters.
- We note with satisfaction the progress in BRICS cooperation in such fields as audit, statistics and export credit and agree to further advance cooperation in these fields.
Global Economic Governance
- We resolve to foster a global economic governance architecture that is more effective and reflective of current global economic landscape, increasing the voice and representation of emerging markets and developing economies. We reaffirm our commitment to conclude the IMF’s 15th General Review of Quotas, including a new quota formula, by the 2019 Spring Meetings and no later than the 2019 Annual Meetings. We will continue to promote the implementation of the World Bank Group Shareholding Review.
- We emphasize the importance of an open and resilient financial system to sustainable growth and development, and agree to better leverage the benefits of capital flows and manage the risks stemming from excessive cross-border capital flows and fluctuation. The BRICS CRA represents a milestone of BRICS financial cooperation and development, which also contributes to global financial stability. We welcome the establishment of the CRA System of Exchange in Macroeconomic Information (SEMI), and the agreement to further strengthen the research capability of the CRA, and to promote closer cooperation between the IMF and the CRA.
- We welcome the establishment of the NDB Africa Regional Center launched in South Africa, which is the first regional office of the Bank. We welcome the setting up of the Project Preparation Fund and the approval of the 2nd batch of projects. We congratulate the Bank on the ground-breaking of its permanent headquarters building. We stress the significance of infrastructure connectivity to foster closer economic ties and partnerships among countries. We encourage the NDB to fully leverage its role and enhance cooperation with multilateral development institutions including the World Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank as well as with the BRICS Business Council, to forge synergy in mobilizing resources and promote infrastructure construction and sustainable development of BRICS countries.
- We emphasize the importance of an open and inclusive world economy enabling all countries and peoples to share in the benefits of globalization. We remain firmly committed to a rules-based, transparent, non-discriminatory, open and inclusive multilateral trading system as embodied in the WTO. We reaffirm our commitments to ensure full implementation and enforcement of existing WTO rules and are determined to work together to further strengthen the WTO. We call for the acceleration of the implementation of the Bali and Nairobi MCM outcomes and for the WTO ministerial conference to be held this year in Argentina to produce positive outcomes. We will continue to firmly oppose protectionism. We recommit to our existing pledge for both standstill and rollback of protectionist measures and we call upon other countries to join us in that commitment.
- Valuing the G20’s continued role as the premier forum for international economic cooperation, we reiterate our commitments to the implementation of the outcomes of G20 summits, including the Hamburg Summit and the Hangzhou Summit. We call upon the G20 to further enhance macroeconomic policy coordination to minimize negative spillovers and external shocks to EMDEs. We agree to enhance coordination and cooperation under the Argentina Presidency in 2018, with an aim to make the G20 process and outcomes reflect the interests and priorities of EMDEs.
- 34. We reaffirm our commitment to achieving a fair and modern global tax system and promoting a more equitable, pro-growth and efficient international tax environment, including to deepening cooperation on addressing Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS), promoting exchange of tax information and improving capacity-building in developing countries. We will strengthen BRICS tax cooperation to increase BRICS contribution to setting international tax rules and provide, according to each country’s priorities, effective and sustainable technical assistance to other developing countries.
International Peace and Security
- Cognizant of the profound changes the world is undergoing and the global security challenges and threats faced by the international community, we commit to enhance communication and cooperation in international fora on issues concerning international peace and security. We reiterate our commitment to safeguarding world peace and security and to upholding the basic norms of the international law, and the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations including sovereign equality and non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs.
- We welcome the 7th Meeting of the BRICS High Representatives for Security Issues held on 27-28 July 2017 in Beijing, and commend the meeting for having discussion and deepening our common understanding on global governance, counter-terrorism, security in the use of ICTs, energy security, major international and regional hotspots as well as national security and development. We note Brazil’s proposal to establish a BRICS Intelligence Forum. We welcome Chair’s report to us on the proceedings of the Meeting and encourage the succeeding chairpersonships to continue this exercise. We look forward to enhancing practical security cooperation agreed upon in the above areas.
- We welcome China’s hosting of the Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations in Beijing on 18-19 June 2017 at the initiative of China. Ministers exchanged views on major global political, security, economic and financial issues of common concern and on strengthening BRICS cooperation. We look forward to the upcoming meeting of Foreign Ministers on the margins of the UNGA. We welcome South Africa’s offer to host the next stand-alone Foreign Ministers Meeting in 2018.
- We recall that development and security are closely interlinked, mutually reinforcing and key to attaining sustainable peace. We reiterate our view that the establishment of sustainable peace requires a comprehensive, concerted and determined approach, based on mutual trust, mutual benefit, equity and cooperation, that addresses the causes of conflicts, including their political, economic and social dimensions. We condemn unilateral military interventions, economic sanctions and arbitrary use of unilateral coercive measures in violation of international law and universally recognized norms of international relations. We emphasize that no country should enhance its security at the expense of the security of others.
- We reaffirm our commitment to the United Nations as the universal multilateral organization entrusted with the mandate for maintaining international peace and security, advance global development and to promote and protect human rights.
- We recall the 2005 World Summit Outcome document and reaffirm the need for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of the developing countries so that it can adequately respond to global challenges. China and Russia reiterate the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their aspiration to play a greater role in the UN.
- We reiterate that the only lasting solution to the crisis in Syria is through an inclusive “Syrian-led, Syrian-owned” political process which safeguards the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria, in pursuance of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2254(2015), and promotes the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people. We strongly support the Geneva Peace Talks and the Astana process, and welcome the creation of the de-escalation areas in Syria, which contributed to decrease the levels of violence and generate positive momentum and conditions for meaningful progress in the peace talks under the auspices of the UN. We oppose the use of chemical weapons by anyone, for any purpose and under any circumstance.
- We reiterate the urgent need for a just, lasting and comprehensive solution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in order to achieve peace and stability in the Middle East on the basis of relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid Principles, the Arab Peace Initiative and previous agreements between the parties through negotiations with a view to creating an independent, viable, territorially contiguous Palestinian State living side by side in peace and security with Israel. Committed to making greater contribution to such solution, we express readiness to enhance our contribution towards a just and lasting resolution of the Middle East conflict and support international efforts to promote peace and stability in the region.
- We congratulate the people and Government of Iraq for the recovery of Mosul and for the progress achieved in the fight against terrorism and reaffirm our commitment to Iraq’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence and our support for Iraqi government and its people. We express our concern over the situation in Yemen and urge all parties to cease hostilities and to resume negotiations supported by the United Nations. We also call on all parties directly involved in the current diplomatic crisis in the Gulf region to overcome their dissensions through dialogue and welcome the efforts of Kuwaiti mediation in this regard.
- We strongly deplore the nuclear test conducted by the DPRK. We express deep concern over the ongoing tension and prolonged nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, and emphasize that it should only be settled through peaceful means and direct dialogue of all the parties concerned.
- We firmly support the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on the Iranian nuclear issue and call upon all relevant parties to comply fully with their obligations and ensure full and effective implementation of the JCPOA to promote international and regional peace and stability.
- We commend the efforts of African countries, the African Union and sub-regional organizations in addressing regional issues and maintaining regional peace and security, and emphasize the importance of collaboration between the United Nations and the African Union in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. We support efforts towards comprehensively resolving the issues in Democratic Republic of Congo, Libya, South Sudan, Somalia, Central Africa Republic and Western Sahara.
- We strongly condemn terrorist attacks resulting in death to innocent Afghan nationals. There is a need for immediate cessation of violence. We reaffirm our support to the people of Afghanistan in their efforts to achieve “Afghan-led and Afghan-owned” peace and national reconciliation, to the ongoing international efforts, including the Moscow Format of consultations on Afghanistan and “Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process”, as well as multimodal connectivity projects to promote peace and stability, to the fight against terrorism and drug-threat, and to the national reconstruction efforts by Afghanistan. We support the efforts of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces in fighting terrorist organizations.
- We, in this regard, express concern on the security situation in the region and violence caused by the Taliban, ISIL/DAISH, Al-Qaida and its affiliates including Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement, Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, TTP and Hizb ut-Tahrir.
- We deplore all terrorist attacks worldwide, including attacks in BRICS countries, and condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever committed and by whomsoever and stress that there can be no justification whatsoever for any act of terrorism. We reaffirm that those responsible for committing, organizing, or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable. Recalling the primary leading role and responsibility of states in preventing and countering terrorism, we stress the necessity to develop international cooperation, in accordance with the principles of international law, including that of sovereign equality of states and non-interference in their internal affairs. We reaffirm solidarity and resolve in the fight against terrorism, value the 2nd BRICS Counter-Terrorism Working Group Meeting held in Beijing on 18 May 2017, and agree to strengthen our cooperation.
- We call upon all nations to adopt a comprehensive approach in combating terrorism, which should include countering radicalization, recruitment, movement of terrorists including Foreign Terrorist Fighters, blocking sources of financing terrorism including, for instance, through organized crime by means of money-laundering, supply of weapons, drug trafficking and other criminal activities, dismantling terrorist bases, and countering misuse of the Internet including social media by terrorist entities through misuse of the latest Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). We are committed to prevent and counter the growing spread of terrorist narratives, and to tackle all sources, techniques and channels of terrorist financing. We call for swift and effective implementation of relevant UNSC Resolutions and the FATF International Standards worldwide. We seek to intensify our cooperation in FATF and FATF-style regional bodies (FSRBs). We recall the responsibility of all States to prevent financing of terrorist networks and terrorist actions from their territories.
- We call upon the international community to establish a genuinely broad international counter-terrorism coalition and support the UN’s central coordinating role in this regard. We stress that the fight against terrorism must be conducted in accordance with international law, including the Charter of the United Nations, international refugee and humanitarian law, human rights and fundamental freedoms. We reaffirm our commitment on increasing the effectiveness of the UN counter-terrorism framework, including in the areas of cooperation and coordination among the relevant UN entities, designation of terrorists and terrorist groups and technical assistance to Members States. We call for expeditious finalization and adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) by the United Nations General Assembly.
- We recognize the important contribution of BRICS countries to United Nations peacekeeping operations, and the importance of United Nations peacekeeping operations to international peace and security. We emphasize the need for BRICS countries to further enhance communication on peacekeeping matters.
- We reiterate our commitment to address the world drug problem based on the United Nations drug control conventions, through an integrated, comprehensive and balanced approach to drug supply and demand reduction strategies. We stress the importance of the outcome document of the 30th Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the world drug problem, and call for strengthening of international and regional cooperation and coordination to counter the global threat caused by the illicit production and trafficking of drugs, especially opiates. We note with deep concern the increasing links in some regions of the world between drug trafficking, money laundering and organized crime and terrorism.
- We reiterate the need for all countries to cooperate in promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms under the principles of equality and mutual respect. We agree to continue to treat all human rights, including the right to development, in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing and with the same emphasis. We will strengthen cooperation on issues of common interests both within BRICS and in multilateral fora including the United Nations Human Rights Council, taking into account the necessity to promote, protect and fulfill human rights in a non-selective, non-politicized and constructive manner, and without double standards.
- Keenly aware of the global security challenges faced by the international community in the area of international migration, we emphasize the growing role of effective migration regulation for the benefit of international security and development of the society.
- We consider the UN has a central role in developing universally accepted norms of responsible state behavior in the use of ICTs to ensure a peaceful, secure, open, cooperative, stable, orderly, accessible and equitable ICT environment. We emphasize the paramount importance of the principles of international law enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, particularly the state sovereignty, the political independence, territorial integrity and sovereign equality of states, non-interference in internal affairs of other states and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. We emphasize the need to enhance international cooperation against terrorist and criminal misuse of ICTs, reaffirm the general approach laid in the eThekwini, Fortaleza, Ufa and Goa declarations in this regard, and recognize the need for a universal regulatory binding instrument on combatting the criminal use of ICTs under the UN auspices as stated in the Ufa Declaration. We note with satisfaction the progress achieved by the Working Group of Experts of the BRICS States on Security in the use of ICTs. We decide to promote cooperation according to the BRICS Roadmap of Practical Cooperation on Ensuring Security in the Use of ICTs or any other mutually agreed mechanism and acknowledge the initiative of the Russian Federation on a BRICS intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in ensuring security in the use of ICTs.
- We believe that all states should participate on an equal footing in the evolution and functioning of the Internet and its governance, bearing in mind the need to involve relevant stakeholders in their respective roles and responsibilities. The structures that manage and regulate the critical Internet resources need to be made more representative and inclusive. We note with satisfaction the progress made by the BRICS Working Group on ICT Cooperation. We recognize the necessity to strengthen our cooperation in this area. To that end, BRICS will continue to work together through the existing mechanism to contribute to the secure, open, peaceful and cooperative use of ICTs on the basis of equal participation of the international community in its management.
- We reiterate that outer space shall be free for peaceful exploration and used by all States on the basis of equality in accordance with international law. Reaffirming that outer space shall remain free from any kind of weapons or any use of force, we stress that negotiations for the conclusion of an international agreement or agreements to prevent an arms race in outer space are a priority task of the United Nations Conference on Disarmament, and support the efforts to start substantive work, inter alia, based on the updated draft treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space and of the threat or use of force against outer space objects submitted by China and the Russian Federation. We also note an international initiative for a political obligation on the no first placement of weapons in outer space.
- Priority should be accorded to ensuring the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, as well as ways and means of preserving outer space for future generations. We note that this is an important objective on the current agenda of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). In this respect, we welcome the decision by the UNCOPUOS Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee Working Group on Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities to conclude negotiations and achieve consensus on the full set of guidelines for the long term sustainability of outer space activities by 2018 to coincide with the commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE + 50).
- We emphasize the importance of people-to-people exchanges to promoting development and enhancing mutual understanding, friendship and cooperation among BRICS peoples. We agree to deepen cooperation in such fields as culture, education, science and technology, sports and health as well as among media organizations and local governments, to strengthen the third pillar of BRICS cooperation and foster a meaningful resonance of the BRICS partnership amongst its peoples.
- We value cultural diversity as a precious asset of BRICS cooperation. We stress the role of culture and cultural diversity in promoting sustainable development, and encourage BRICS countries to engage in cultural exchanges and mutual learning to cultivate common values on the basis of diversity and sharing. We welcome the formulation of a BRICS action plan to advance practical cultural cooperation and the establishment of the BRICS Alliance of Libraries, Alliance of Museums, Alliance of Art Museums and National Galleries as well as Alliance of Theaters for Children and Young People. We look forward to the success of the BRICS Culture Festival to be held later in mid-September 2017 in Xiamen. We will continue our work on the establishment of a BRICS Cultural Council to provide the necessary platform to enhance cultural cooperation among BRICS countries.
- We stress the importance of education to promoting sustainable economic and social development, and to strengthening BRICS partnership, and commend the positive progress in our education cooperation. We reiterate our support for BRICS University League and BRICS Network University in conducting education and research cooperation, welcome efforts to promote cooperation among educational think tanks, and exchanges among youth including by organizing youth summer camps and offering more scholarship opportunities to BRICS students. We agree to share experience and practices in realizing education-related sustainable development goals.
- We believe in the importance of sports cooperation to popularizing traditional sports and deepening the friendship among BRICS peoples. Recalling the successful hosting of BRICS U-17 Football Tournament in Goa in 2016, we commend the success of the First BRICS Games, which was a highlight of this year’s people-to-people exchanges. We encourage relevant departments to sign an MOU on sports cooperation to provide greater impetus to sports cooperation among our five countries.
- We agree to enhance BRICS role in global health governance, especially in the context of the World Health Organization and UN agencies, and foster the development and improve the availability of innovative medical products through promotion of research and development and access to affordable, quality, effective and safe drugs, vaccines, diagnostics and other medical products and technologies as well as to medical services through enhanced health systems and health financing. We agree to improve surveillance capacity and medical services to combat infectious diseases, including Ebola, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, as well as non-communicable diseases and encourage greater application of ICTs to improve the level of health service provision. We welcome the outcomes of the BRICS Health Ministers Meeting and High-level Meeting on Traditional Medicine, and commend the establishment of a long-term mechanism for traditional medicine exchanges and cooperation, to promote mutual learning of traditional medicines and pass them down to future generations. We welcome the decision to set up the Tuberculosis Research Network, to be presented at the First WHO Global Ministerial Conference Ending Tuberculosis in the Sustainable Development Era: A Multisectoral Response, Moscow, Russian Federation, 16-17 November 2017. We express support for the meeting as well as the First United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting on Tuberculosis in 2018. We commit ourselves to enhanced cooperation at international fora on health matters including at G20.
- We reaffirm our commitment to promote a long-term and balanced demographic development and continue cooperation on population related matters in accordance with the Agenda for BRICS Cooperation on Population Matters for 2015-2020.
- We note with satisfaction the progress in the exchanges and cooperation in various areas, including governance, film-making, media, think-tank, youth, parliament, local governments and trade union, and agree to further advance such exchanges and cooperation. We commend the first joint film production by BRICS countries and commend the success of the BRICS Film Festival, the Media Forum, Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum, Youth Forum, Young Diplomats Forum and Young Scientists Forum. We appreciate the successful hosting of the BRICS Forum of Political Parties, Think-Tanks and Civil Society Organizations as well as the Seminar on Governance, and will carry these good initiatives forward in the future. In this regard, we note the proposal to establish by China the BRICS Research and Exchange Fund.
- We appreciate the important progress in BRICS institutional development and reiterate our commitment to further strengthen it to make BRICS cooperation more responsive to the changing situation. We commend China for taking measures during its Chairmanship to enhance the Sherpas’ coordination role in BRICS cooperation. We instruct the Sherpas to continue their discussion concerning BRICS institutional development.
- We recommit our strong support for multilateralism and the central role of the UN in international affairs. We commit to strengthening the coordination and cooperation among BRICS in the areas of mutual and common interests within the UN and other multilateral institutions, including through regular meetings among our permanent representatives in New York, Geneva and Vienna, and further enhance the voice of BRICS in international fora.
- In continuation of BRICS tradition of outreach since the Durban Summit, we will hold a Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the building of broad partnerships for development under the theme of “Strengthening Mutually-Beneficial Cooperation for Common Development” in promotion of BRICS Plus cooperation.
- South Africa, Brazil, Russia and India commend China’s Chairmanship in 2017 and express sincere gratitude to the Government and people of China for hosting the Ninth BRICS Summit in Xiamen.
- China, Brazil, Russia and India extend full support for South Africa in hosting the Tenth BRICS Summit in 2018
Annex 1: BRICS Cooperation Outcome Documents
The following outcome documents have been adopted.
Press Communique of the BRICS Leaders Informal Meeting in Hamburg
Political and Security Cooperation
- Media Note of the Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations
- BRICS Roadmap of Practical Cooperation on Ensuring Security in the Use of ICTs
- Joint Communique on the Meeting of BRICS Special Envoys on Middle East
- BRICS Action Agenda on Economic and Trade Cooperation
- Seventh Meeting of the BRICS Trade Ministers Statement
- BRICS Trade in Services Cooperation Roadmap
- Framework on Strengthening the Economic and Technical Cooperation for BRICS Countries
- BRICS E-Commerce Cooperation Initiative
- Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS E-Commerce Working Group
- Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS Model E-Port Network
- BRICS IPR Cooperation Guidelines
- Outlines for BRICS Investment Facilitation
- Agreed Elements of Financial Deliverables of 2017 BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting
- BRICS Good Practices on PPP Frameworks
- Action Plan for Deepening Industrial Cooperation Among BRICS Countries
- Declaration of the Third BRICS Communications Ministers’ Meeting
- Strategic Framework of BRICS Customs Cooperation
- BRICS Action Plan for Innovation Cooperation (2017-2020)
- Hangzhou Declaration of the 5th BRICS Science, Technology & Innovation (STI) Ministerial Meeting
- Action Plan 2017-2018 in the Framework of BRICS 2015-2018 STI Work Plan
- Communique of BRICS Heads of Tax Authorities Meeting
- BRICS Memorandum of Cooperation in Respect of Tax Matters
- Declaration of the 2nd BRICS Energy Ministerial Meeting
- Tianjin Statement on Environment of the Third Meeting of BRICS Environment Ministers
- Joint Declaration of the Seventh Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Agriculture
- Action Plan 2017-2020 for Agricultural Cooperation of BRICS Countries
- BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers’ Declaration
- The BRICS Action Plan for Poverty Alleviation and Reduction Through Skills
- Progress Report on the Implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership
- Interbank Local Currency Credit Line Agreement Under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism
- Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit Ratings Under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism
- BRICS Partnership for Urban Environmental Sustainability Initiative
- BRICS Joint Statistical Publication 2017
- Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS Research Infrastructure and Mega-Science Projects Working Group
- Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS Working Group on Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Partnership
- Memorandum of Understanding Between BRICS Export Credit Agencies and the New Development Bank on General Cooperation
- The BRICS Common Position on Governance in the Future of Work
- BRICS Network of Labour Research Institutes Terms of Reference
- BRICS Social Security Cooperation Framework
- BRICS Agricultural Development Report 2017
- Joint Statement of BRICS Business Forum 2017
- Memorandum of Understanding Between the BRICS Business Council and the New Development Bank on Strategic Cooperation
- Joint Declaration of BRICS Business Council on Regulatory Cooperation on Standards
- Action Plan for the Implementation of the Agreement between the Governments of the BRICS States on Cooperation in the Field of Culture (2017-2021)
- Letter of Intent for BRICS Alliance of Libraries Cooperation
- Letter of Intent of the Founding of the BRICS Alliance of Museums
- Letter of Intent on the Founding of the BRICS Alliance of Art Museums and National Galleries
- Letter of Intent for Strategic Cooperation of the BRICS Alliance of Theater for Children and Young People
- Joint Declaration of BRICS Countries on Strengthening Cooperation in Traditional Medicine
- Tianjin Communique of BRICS Health Ministers Meeting
- Beijing Declaration on Education of the Fifth Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Education
- Action Plan of Promoting BRICS Media Cooperation
- 2017 BRICS Youth Forum Action Plan
- Chengdu Initiative of 2017 BRICS Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum
- Quanzhou Consensus of BRICS Seminar on Governance
- Fuzhou Initiative of the BRICS Political Parties, Think-Tanks and Civil Society Organizations Forum
- The 9th BRICS Academic Forum Recommendations to the 9th BRICS Summit
- Chengdu Consensus of the BRICS Film Delegations of the 2nd BRICS Film Festival
- BRICS Film Collaboration Plan for the Years 2017 to 2021
- BFA Program for BRICS Film Students and Talents
- Joint Declaration on Film Traditional Culture Inheritance and Creative Development of Young Talents
- BRICS Trade Union Forum Declaration
- Statement by BRICS Trade Unions to the BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting
Note is also taken of the ongoing work on the following documents.
- The Action Plan on BRICS IPR Cooperation
- Agreement on Cooperation on the BRCS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation
- National Accounting Standards Setters of BRICS Countries Joint Statement
- BRICS Joint Statement on Audit Regulatory Cooperation
- Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Council of Regions of BRICS States
- Memorandum of Understanding on BRICS Sports Cooperation
Annex 2: Xiamen Action Plan
We take note of the following meetings and events held under China’s BRICS Chairmanship before the Xiamen Summit.
Ministerial Meetings and Relevant Events
- BRICS Leaders’ Informal Meeting (7 July 2017, Hamburg)
- Meeting of BRICS High Representatives for Security Issues (27-28 July 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations (18-19 June 2017, Beijing)
- BRICS Sherpa/Sous-Sherpa Meetings (23-24 February 2017, Nanjing; 14-15 June 2017, Qingdao; 4-5 July 2017, Hamburg; September 2017, Xiamen)
- BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meetings/Finance and Central Bank Deputies Meeting (17 March 2017, Baden-Baden; 20 April 2017, Washington D.C.; 19 June 2017, Shanghai)
- BRICS Local Currency Bond Fund Working Group (20 April, Washington DC; 18 June 2017, Shanghai)
- BRICS Energy Ministerial Meeting (7 June 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Agriculture and Agrarian Development (16-17 June 2017, Nanjing)
- BRICS Environment Ministers Meeting (22-23 June 2017, Tianjin)
- Meeting of BRICS Joint Committee on Space Cooperation (2-3 July 2017, Haikou)
- Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Education (4-5 July 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee (5 July 2017, Brussels)
- Meeting of BRICS Culture Ministers (5-6 July 2017, Tianjin)
- BRICS Health Ministers Meeting and High-level Meeting on Traditional Medicine (6-7 July 2017, Tianjin)
- BRICS Meeting of Drug Regulatory Collaboration (13-14 July 2017, Zhengzhou)
- BRICS Science, Technology & Innovation Ministerial Meeting (18 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- Meeting of BRICS Labor and Employment Ministers’ Meeting (26-27 July 2017, Chongqing)
- BRICS Communications Ministers’ Meeting (27-28 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- Meeting of BRICS Heads of Tax Authorities (27-28 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- BRICS Industry Ministers Meeting (29-30 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- Meeting of the BRICS Trade Ministers (1-2 August 2017, Shanghai)
- Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the New Development Bank (1-2 April 2017, New Delhi)
- BRICS Business Forum (3-4 September 2017, Xiamen)
Senior Officials/Working Groups/Expert Meetings
- Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Environment (22 June 2017, Tianjin)
- Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Education (4 July 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Culture (5 July 2017, Tianjin)
- BRICS Health Senior Officials Meeting (5 July 2017, Tianjin)
- Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Science, Technology & Innovation (17 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- BRICS Business Council (31 March 2017, New Delhi; 31 August-2 September 2017, Shanghai & Xiamen)
- BRICS Anti-Corruption Working Group Meetings (22 January 2017, Berlin; 9 April 2017, Brasilia)
- BRICS Intellectual Property Examiner Training Seminar (20-24 February 2017, Nagpur)
- BRICS Intellectual Property Coordination Group Meeting (22-23 February 2017, Nagpur)
- Meetings of BRICS Contact Group on Economic and Trade Issues (20-21 March 2017, Beijing; 23-25 May 2017, Beijing; 30-31 July 2017, Shanghai)
- Technical Meeting of BRICS National Statistics Offices (27-29 March 2017, Shanghai)
- BRICS Working Group Meeting of Customs (29-31 March 2017, Xiamen)
- Consultation of BRICS Middle East Special Envoys (11-12 April 2017, Visakhapatnam)
- BRICS Employment Working Group Meetings (19 April 2017, Yuxi; 25 July 2017, Chongqing)
- BRICS Environmental Working Group Meeting (25-27 April 2017, Tianjin)
- BRICS Counter Terrorism Working Group Meeting (18 May 2017, Beijing)
- First Meeting of BRICS Intellectual Property Rights Mechanism (23 May 2017, Beijing)
- Working Group for the Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Culture (25 May 2017, Beijing)
- BRICS Science, Technology & Innovation Funding Working Group Meeting (28-31 May 2017, Pretoria)
- Meeting of BRICS Working Group on Security in the Use of ICTs (1-2 June 2017, Beijing)
- Working Group Meeting on BRICS Energy Saving and Improvement of Energy Efficiency (5 June 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of Heads of BRICS Export Credit Agencies (12-15 June 2017, Hangzhou)
- BRICS Working Group Meetings on Agricultural Cooperation (15 June 2017, Nanjing)
- Technical Group Meeting of BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism (28-29 June 2017, Beijing)
- Working Group Meeting on Interbank Cooperation Mechanism (28-29 June 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Heads of Delegation on AML (18-23 June 2017, Spain)
- BRICS Foreign Policy Planning Dialogue (20-21 July 2017, Beijing)
- BRICS Consultation of Experts on Peace-keeping Affairs (25 July 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Experts on Tax Matters (25-26 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- BRICS Working Group Meeting on ICT Cooperation (26 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- BRICS Anti-Drug Working Group Meeting (16 August 2017, Weihai)
- Annual Meeting of Interbank Cooperation Mechanism and Financial Forum (31 August – 2 September 2017, Beijing)
- Meeting of BRICS Heads of Intellectual Property Offices (6-7 April 2017, New Delhi)
- BRICS Working Group on Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Partnership (9 April, Bengaluru)
- BRICS Working Group on ICT and High Performance Computing (23-26 April, Guangzhou)
- BRICS Working Group on Research Infrastructure and Mega-Science Projects (15-16 May, Dubna)
- BRICS Working Group on Solid State Lighting (19-24 June 2017, Hangzhou)
People-to-people Exchanges Events and Other Meetings
- BRICS Young Diplomats Forum (30 May – 3 June 2017, Beijing & Linyi)
- BRICS Media Forum (6-8 June 2017, Beijing)
- BRICS Think-Tank Council Meeting (10 June 2017, Fuzhou)
- BRICS Political Parties, Think Tanks and Civil Society Organizations Forum (10-12 June 2017, Fuzhou)
- BRICS Games (17-21 June 2017, Guangzhou)
- BRICS Film Festival (23-27 June 2017, Chengdu)
- BRICS Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum (11-13 July 2017, Chengdu)
- BRICS Trade Union Forum (24-25 July 2017, Beijing)
- BRICS Youth Forum (24-28 July 2017, Beijing)
- BRICS Young Scientist Forum (11-15 July 2017, Hangzhou)
- BRICS Seminar on Governance (17-18 August 2017, Quanzhou)
- BRICS Heads of Prosecution Services Meeting (August 2017, Brazil)
- BRICS Think-Tank Symposiums (22 March 2017, Beijing; 15 May 2017, Guangzhou; 20 May 2017, Chongqing)
- BRICS International Festival of Theatre Schools (14-21 May 2017, Moscow)
- Meeting of BRICS Cooperation in the Field of Competition Law (16-20 May 2017, St. Petersburg)
- Annual Forum “BRICS: Boosting Economic Cooperation” (1-3 June 2017, St. Petersburg)
- BRICS Supreme Audit Institutions’ Technical Cooperation Meeting (June 28-29, 2017, Pretoria)
- International Congress of Women of SCO and BRICS Countries (2-4 July 2017, Novosibirsk)
We further take note of the upcoming meetings and events under China’s BRICS Chairmanship.
- The Foreign Ministers Meeting on the margins of UNGA
- The Fifth BRICS Sherpa/Sous-Sherpa Meeting
- BRICS Parliamentary Forum
- Meeting of BRICS Heads of National Statistics Offices
- BRICS Trade Fair
- BRICS Legal Advisor Consultation
- BRICS Forum on SOE Reform and Governance
- Meeting of BRICS Cooperation in the Field of Competition Law
- Third Forum on Small Business of the SCO and BRICS Regions
- BRICS International Competition Conference
- BRICS Working Group on Astronomy (21-22 September, Pune)
- BRICS Export Credit Agencies Technical Workshop (31 October-3 November, Nanjing)
- BRICS Working Group on Materials Science and Nanotechnology (26-27 October 2017, Yekaterinburg)
- Annual International Academic Conference “Foresight and STI Policy” (1-2 November, Moscow)
- BRICS Working Group on Biotechnology and Biomedicine, including Human Health and Neuroscience (15-16 November, 2017, Moscow)
- BRICS meeting on Ageing
Proposals to be further explored
- Ocean Cooperation
- Establishment of the PPP Project Preparation Fund
- Establishment of the BRICS Energy Cooperation Platform
- BRICS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation
- Establishment of the BRICS Customs Training Center in Xiamen
- Establishment of the BRICS Cultural Council
- Establishment of the BRICS Council of Regions
- Tourism Cooperation
- Creation of the Working Group on Regional Aviation
September 4, 2017, Xiamen, China
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Modi, Xi hold ‘forward-looking’ talks, call for peace in border areas
Modi, Xi hold forward-looking talks today and call for peace in the border areas. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping held their first substantive bilateral meeting after the Dokalam stand off and reaffirmed that maintaining peace and tranquillity in the border areas was a pre-requisite for ties to move forward.
Mr. Modi, who attended the BRICS Emerging Markets and Developing Countries Dialogue earlier in the day, met Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the 9th BRICS Summit here.
There was a forward-looking and constructive approach taken by both sides during the over an hour-long meeting between the two leaders, Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar said while briefing reporters on the bilateral meet.
“Mr. Modi and the Chinese President felt that there should be closer communication between the defence and security personnel of India and China,” Jaishankar said.
Asked if the Dokalam standoff had been left behind by the two sides, he said, “It was a forward-looking conversation and not a backward-looking one.”
In his initial remarks during the meeting, Mr. Modi congratulated the Chinese President on a “very successful” BRICS Summit, saying the conference had been a success in making the grouping more relevant in a fast-changing world.
Mr. Jinping told Mr. Modi that the two countries should pursue “healthy, stable bilateral ties”, China’s state-run Xinhua news agency reported.
China is willing to work with India on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence (Panchsheel), which were put forward by both the countries, to improve political mutual trust, promote mutually beneficial cooperation, and push Sino-India ties along the right track, Jinping was quoted as saying.
The meeting came amid diplomatic efforts by the two sides to overcome the bitterness caused by the 73-day face-off between their troops in the Dokalam area of the Sikkim sector.
The Chinese and the Indian troops were engaged in a standoff since June 16 after the Indian side stopped the construction of a road by the Chinese Army.
On August 28, India’s External Affairs Ministry announced that New Delhi and Beijing have decided on “expeditious disengagement” of their border troops in the disputed Dokalam area.
–XIAMEN,SEPTEMBER 05, 2017
Brave Indian forces can defend our borders: Rajnath Singh on Doklam standoff
Indian security forces can defend the country’s territories bravely, said Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Monday, August 21.
Indian security forces can defend the country’s territories bravely, said Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Monday, August 21.
“Our security forces have all the power to protect Indian borders,” said Singh at an event organised by the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). “Thought they’ll be cold and tired but the spirit I saw in them (security forces)! No one would dare raise eyes towards India. We have such brave soldiers.”
“I went to Ladakh once and had never experienced such harsh cold in life. I was told (ITBP) Jawans would meet me in morning,” recalled Singh, further adding the the government will make sure that “their promotions aren’t delayed.”
Speaking on the ongoing standoff between India and China at Doklam, the minister said, “There will be a solution soon and I am sure China will make a positive move.”
“India has never attacked any country, nor does it have an ambition to expand its borders. Security forces are equipped to handle any situation (at the border),” he further added.
The home minister said he wanted to convey a message to all neighbouring countries that India wanted peace.
The ITBP guards the 4,057 km long Sino-Indian border from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh.
India and China have been locked in a face-off in the Doklam area of the Sikkim sector after Indian troops stopped the Chinese Army from building a road in the area over the last two months.
China has been ramping up rhetoric against India over the last few weeks demanding immediate withdrawal of Indian troops from Doklam. The Chinese state media, particularly, have carried a barrage of critical articles on the Dokalam stand- off slamming India.
–With Agency Inputs
-August 21, 2017, New Delhi
Pull back troops from Dokalam with ‘no strings attached’: China to India
China on Wednesday said it has conveyed its firm stand to India that it must take “concrete actions” by immediately pulling back troops from Dokalam in the Sikkim section with “no strings attached” to resolve the current standoff.
China on Wednesday said it has conveyed its firm stand to India that it must take “concrete actions” by immediately pulling back troops from Dokalam in the Sikkim section with “no strings attached” to resolve the current standoff.
Providing the details of the July 28 meeting between National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and State Councillor Yang Jiechi for the first time, Chinese Foreign Ministry told PTI that the two officials exchanged views on BRICS cooperation, bilateral relations and relevant major problems.
Doval was in Beijing last month to attend the BRICS — Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa — NSA’s meeting.
Doval and Yang are also the Special Representatives of the boundary talks between the two nations.
Yang held bilateral meeting with Doval “at his request and in accordance with the practice”, the ministry said in a written reply to a question about the discussions relating to the standoff at Dokalam which began when China started constructing a road in the area.
“Yang Jiechi expressed China’s stern positions and explicit requirements on the trespass of Indian border troops into China’s territory at the Sikkim section of China-India boundary,” it said, indicating that there was no breakthrough during the talks between Doval and Yang.
India’s position on the issue was made clear by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj last month, saying both sides should first pull back their troops for any talks to take place, favoring a peaceful resolution of the border standoff.
India also conveyed to the Chinese government that the road construction would represent a significant change of status quo with serious security implications for it.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry said during his talks with Doval, Yang also “urged India to respect China’s territorial sovereignty, the international law and the basic rules governing international relations and immediately pull back the trespassing India border troops to the Indian side of the boundary with no strings attached and resolve the current incident with concrete actions.”
The Foreign Ministry also posted a 15-page fact sheet with maps and other details about the standoff since it began on June 16.
Bhutan had protested to China, saying that the area belonged to it and accused Beijing of violating agreements to maintain status quo until it is resolved.
The fact sheet said on June 18 about 270 Indian troops entered more than 100 meters into the Chinese territory to “obstruct the road building of the Chinese side, causing tension in the area”.
“Over 400 people at one point, have put up three tents and advanced over 180 meters into the Chinese territory,” it said.
“As of the end of July, there were still over 40 Indian border troops and one bulldozer illegally staying in the Chinese territory,” it said.
New Delhi has expressed concern over the road building, apprehending that it may allow Chinese troops to cut India’s access to its northeastern states.
Doka La is the Indian name for the region which Bhutan recognizes as Dokalam, while China claims it as part of its Donglang region.
Of the 3,488-km-long India-China border from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh, a 220-km section falls in Sikkim.
The fact sheet said the standoff occurred in an area where there is a clear and delimited boundary.
“This makes it fundamentally different from past frictions between the border troops of the two sides in areas with – boundary. The Indian border troops? crossing of the already delimited boundary is a very serious incident as it violates China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,” it said.
The fact sheet said that no such attempt would be tolerated by any sovereign state.
“The fact of the matter is that it is India which has attempted time and again to change the status quo of the China-India boundary in the Sikkim Sector, which poses a grave security threat to China,” it said.
“The China-Bhutan boundary issue is one between China and Bhutan. It has nothing to do with India. As a third party, India has no right to interfere in or impede the boundary talks between China and Bhutan, still less the right to make territorial claims on Bhutan’s behalf,” the fact sheet added.
“No country should ever underestimate the resolve of the Chinese government and people to defend China’s territorial sovereignty. China will take all necessary measures to safeguard its legitimate and lawful rights and interests,” it warned.
“The incident took place on the Chinese side of the delimited boundary. India should immediately and unconditionally withdraw its trespassing border troops back to the Indian side of the boundary. This is a prerequisite and basis for resolving the incident,” it added.
The fact sheet said China values the growth of good- neighborly and friendly relations with India and is committed to maintaining peace and tranquility in the border area between the two countries.
China would oppose India’s entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
China on Monday said it would oppose India’s unilateral entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), pending a consensus on the membership of the nuclear weapon states that have not signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT).
In response to a question, China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said, “China’s position on the non-NPT member’s participation in the NSG has not changed.”
The 48 nation NSG is expected to hold its plenary next month in Bern, Switzerland, where New Delhi’s entry is expected to be discussed. New Delhi formally applied for NSG membership in May last year, but China has consistently blocked India’s bid, pointing to the need for devolving universally applicable membership criteria for all countries that have not signed the NPT, but had become nuclear weapon states.
Pakistan, China’s close ally, is the other declared nuclear weapon state, which has not signed the NPT. The NSG controls the global exports of nuclear technology and material to ensure that atomic energy is used only for peaceful purposes.
“We support the NSG following the mandate of the 2016 plenary session and following building consensus as well as the intergovernmental process that is open and transparent to deal with the relevant issues in a two-step approach, “ Ms. Hua observed.
However, the statement reiterated China’s insistence on linking NSG membership to the NPT — a formulation that rules out India’s membership.
“China maintains that any formula [for membership] worked out should be non-discriminatory and applicable to all non-NPT states; without prejudice to the core value of the NSG and the effectiveness, authority and integrity of the international non-proliferation regime with the NPT as its cornerstone; and without contradicting the customary international law in the field of non-proliferation.”
In defining a two-step approach for arriving at a consensus, the Chinese side has said that the first step for membership was defining a “formula” that would be followed by the second step, which would be “country-specific.”
India has underscored that NPT membership is not essential for joining the NSG, as was illustrated in the case with France, which became a member of the NSG without signing the NPT.
Highly placed sources said that at the talks with the Chinese, India insisted that the NSG was not a non-proliferation, but an “export control,” mechanism. Therefore, India’s NSG bid should be de-linked from the criterion of NPT membership.
–BEIJING, MAY 22, 2017
With eye on China, India and Japan vow to work as ‘stabiliser’ in Asia-Pacific
“India must go beyond the Indian Ocean and Japan also must go beyond the Pacific, not because we have to serve our own interests but we have to serve the interests of the whole world,” Union minister Kiren Rijiju said.
Hailing India-Japan ties, Rijiju said that both countries should go beyond their immediate oceanic limits to serve the interests of the whole world.
“Without integrating Japan’s role, it will be difficult to ensure stability in the world,” Rijiju said at a seminar themed ‘Indo-Pacific Region: Converging India-Japan Interests’.
“I feel that India and Japan have not realised their potential fully. After Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power, we are looking towards (fulfilling) that.
“The chemistry between Modi and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is very visible,” ANI quoted Rijiju as saying.
“We have to be strong and we have to work together so that we work as a stabiliser.
“The shift in India’s Look East policy to Act East policy is also very transforming as well as practical,” Rijiju said.
“We are very inclusive in our approach. We would like to see all members of the UN to come together for maintaining stability and peace.
“Japan and India both are democratic, ancient, peace-loving countries.”
Speakers at the seminar have agreed that the two countries can play an important role in maintaining peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.
Japanese ambassador to India Kenji Hiramatsu, who was also present at the occasion, said that his country opposes any coercion and upholds freedom of navigation in the Asia-Pacific region.
The comments come hours after Japan and the United States discussed the tensions emerging over the disputed islands in the East China Sea.
The issue had come up during a meeting between US President Donald Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
A joint Japanese-US statement after the weekend meeting in the United States said the two leaders affirmed that Article 5 of the US-Japan security treaty covered the islands, known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China.
Expressing concern, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said that the islands had been China’s inherent territory since ancient times.
“No matter what anyone says or does, it cannot change the fact that the Diaoyu Islands belong to China, and cannot shake China’s resolve and determination to protect national sovereignty,” Reuters quoted him as saying.
-February 13, 2017,New Delhi
Donald Trump backs India, US moves UN to ban JeM chief Masood Azhar
In a significant development, the United States had moved the United Nations to ban Pathankot air base terror attack mastermind and Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) chief Masood Azhar in the second half of last month.
The US, supported by the UK and France, had moved a proposal at the UN’s Sanctions Committee 1267 to proscribe Azhar.
However, China had opposed the move by US.
The Chinese action is said to have come just before the expiry of the 10-day deadline for any proposal to be adopted or blocked or to be put on hold.
UN Sanction Committee‘s listing would have imposed asset freeze and travel ban on Azhar by countries.
Earlier, on January 20, the then US Ambassador to India Richard Verma had said that any “objective reading” of India’s demand to designate Azhar a terrorist by the UN would lead one to support the case.
“We have to understand and work through what these objections are. Any objective reading of the case would lead one to support the designation (of Azhar by the UN Security Council),” Verma had told PTI in a telephonic interview on his last day in office in New Delhi.
He had said that US was disappointed that the issue has not got through the Security Council yet, but refrained from directly speaking on if China was “siding with terrorism” in this case.
China has repeatedly blocked India’s efforts to get the JeM chief banned by the world body.
China’s stand on Azhar:
On January 05, China had refuted Indian allegations that it had double standards on terrorism and had said that it took a “just” stand by blocking New Delhi`s bid to list Azhar as a global terrorist.
“Allegation that China adopts double standards on the UN Security Council 1267 committee listing matter does not stand. China takes action based on solid evidence that is the one standard we use,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang had said in Beijing, as per IANS.
Geng was responding to remarks by Minister of State for External Affairs MJ Akbar on Azhar.
China was the only country among the 15-member Counter-Terrorism Committee of the UN Security Council that objected to India`s application to list Azhar as a global terrorist.
India’s application to get Azhar banned had lapsed after two technical holds put up by China in the 1267 Committee.
The Chinese opposition is also seen by many as an action taken at the behest of its “all-weather ally” Pakistan.
After the attack on the IAF base in January last year, India in February had written to the UN calling for immediate action to list Azhar under the Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee.
The efforts faced stiff opposition by China, which twice put a “technical hold” before finally blocking the Indian proposal in December.
India on Azhar:
Reacting sharply to Chinese action, India had said, “we note with concern China’s decision to block the proposal to list Masood Azhar”, asserting that its proposal, submitted to the 15-member 1267 Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council, had received the strong backing of all other members of the Committee.
External Affairs Spokesperson Vikas Swarup had also said, “As a consequence of this decision, the UN Security Council has again been prevented from acting against the leader of a listed terrorist organisation. We had expected China would have been more understanding of the danger posed to all by terrorism and would join India and others in fighting the common challenge of terrorism.”
On December 19, NIA had filed a charge sheet in the Pathankot terror attack, naming Azhar and three others of his organisation as accused.
In a comprehensive chargesheet filed at Panchkula Special Court, NIA had highlighted the role of terror group in spreading mayhem in India and had referred to the nefarious plans of the outfit, sources had said, as per PTI.
The chargesheet which had also named Azhar’s brother Rauf Asghar as accused, had alleged that immediately after the Pathankot incident, he had hosted a video message claiming responsibility for the terror strike and had glorified the role of Azhar.
The Union Home Ministry had given sanction to NIA to file the charge sheet against Azhar, his brother and the two handlers – Qashif Jan and Shaid Latif – of the four terrorists, under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA).
The four terrorists, after entering India from Bamiyal area of Gurdaspur, had carried out the strike at the IAF base killing eight people including seven personnel of IAF and NSG.
The chargesheet had named four terrorists involved in the attack.
According to NIA, the terrorists, who were killed after two days of gunfight, were identified as Nasir Hussain, Hafiz Abu Bakar, Umar Farooq and Abdul Qayum and they were residents of Vehari (Punjab), Gujranwala (Punjab), Sanghar (Sindh) and Sukkur (Sindh) of Pakistan respectively.
Azhar, a resident of Bahawalpur in Pakistan, was one of the three terrorists freed by India in exchange of 166 hostages of Indian Airlines plane IC-814 which was hijacked to Kandahar in December 1999.
Azhar, at that time, belonged to Harkat-ul Mujahideen, and soon after his release, he floated the new outfit Jaish-e-Mohammad in Pakistan which carried out several attacks in India, including on Parliament on December 13, 2001 and Pathankot air base.
-February 7, 2017, New Delhi
Silicon Valley to become world’s most dynamic city
Bengaluru has pipped Silicon Valley in the United States to become world’s most dynamic city, as per a report by real estate services firm Jones Lang LaSalle
The City Momentum Index-2017 released by JLL “Technology continues to be a major driver of momentum in the world’s 30 fastest-changing cities. These cities provide fertile environments for innovation and successfully integrate into global networks, often outperforming their national economies.”
The JLL report which is being discussed at the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland, states that India has taken over from China as home to some of the world’s most dynamic cities.
Six Indian cities feature in the CMI Global Top 30, with the country’s primary technology hub, Bangalore moving into the top spot for the first time, followed by Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam and Silicon Valley in the United States.
Hyderabad, at fifth, is the only other Indian city in the top 10.
Cities in India, China and Vietnam, along with several in the US, head the list of the world’s fastest changing cities.
-January 18, 2017, Bangaluru